LINGUISTIC HERITAGE

The great importance of river transport in Mequinenza characterized the old town also involved extensive vocabulary on navigation and rivers. Jesús Moncada will use this lexicon again in his extensive narrative work where this navigation is collected in great detail.

"Jo ho sabia prou bé! Encara no m’afaitava –i els anys que vaig tardar– ja navegava de minyó en el seu llaüt. Au, ara riu avall amb el llaüt carregat de carbó! Ara riu amunt, amb farina, terrissa i sabó moll! L’oncle Gòdia venia de família de llaüters i s’havia criat per aquella ribera amb la gent de l’ofici; en aquell temps encara no eren utilitzades les bèsties per remolcar els llaüts riu amunt i els homes es deixaven la pell per les vores de l’Ebre a força d’estirar la sirga."Jesús Moncada
Històries de la mà esquerra
"Veig el matxo Trèvol, acompanyat d'un peó que diria que és el malcarat del Pere d'Atura; la bèstia remunta la riba pel camí de sirga i remolca el Carlota."Jesús Moncada
Camí de Sirga

Some examples of the vocabulary used in Mequinensa:

amollar
v. Loosen the rope of the llaut, responding to the conveniences of the maneuver.
arbre
m. Tree ready to place the candles. It can be lifted and lowered so that the boats can pass underneath the bridges, which they could not do with the raised tree. They were usually pine trees or spruce from areas of the Pyrenees.
amollar
v. Release the veils so as to get the wind. It also means to freeze and release a rope to maneuver.
barcada
f. Full trip performed by the crew of a llaut, especially when the cargo was lignite.
calafat
m. Repairer of boats.
cambra
f. Closed cabaret on the stern of the lute. Normally, a room reserved for the boat’s employer.
cerç
m. Wind coming from the northeast, predominantly in the valley of the Ebro and in the opposite direction to the garbinada.
dret de capa
m. The right of the owner of a llaut to receive a certain commission for the transported coal.
gàbia
f. Upper and smaller sail of a used with favorable wind.
garbinada
f. Wind from the southeast coming from the sea into the interior land. Wind used to overcome the Ebro.
muleta
f. Small llaut with a load capacity from eight to ten tons.
puntona
f. Small passenger boat.
sager
m. The last person in charge of pulling a llaut in the towpath.
saula
f. Rope that links the pulley from the llaut to the towpath.